Archives for category: Sports

This Blog “The Philosopher on Politics has been combined with “A New Paradigm in Christian Thinking”.  All new Posts will appear on http://gadflyblog.com/ effective 12/12/2016.

Thanks for your interest in these topics.

The Philosopher

Advertisements

The Colin Kaepernick Syndrome Ver. 1.0.2

The Top Gun National Crises Troubleshooter, Retired

https://thephilosopheronpolitics.wordpress.com/tag/Kaepernick-Syndrome/

2/9/2016

Copyright 2016

Definition

Colin Kaepernick is, or was, or may still be, the quarterback for the San Francisco 49ers football team for 2014-2017.  Colin came to the forefront of professional football when the then quarterback Alex Smith gave it his all to gain a first down by diving head first for the chain marker line.  Going head first made him an eligible runner and he received a concussion-producing blow to his head in a helmet-to-helmet collision.  The helmets are of no use in protecting the brain from colliding with its own skull, and when a collision causes rapid acceleration of the head, a severe concussion is the result.[i]

Colin Kaepernick brought some new talent to professional football; he could throw a fastball with the football, for he also was a pitcher in college baseball.  He could run like a gazelle.[ii]  These two talents helped Kaepernick lead the San Francisco 49ers to the Super Bowl.  Kaepernick was defeating the competition with his individual skill package.  He had only one flaw, and that flaw was carried over from his baseball pitching days – he occasionally threw a wild pitch.  In professional football, the cost of a wild throw is often an interception and a touchdown for the opposing team.

The other teams did not like being beaten by this new skillful quarterback and looked to find ways to “Shut Him Down!”  This is now to be known as “The Colin Kaepernick Syndrome.”  The opposing teams reorganized; they needed to give Kaepernick less time to throw the ball.  He was sacked more times than any other quarterback in the NFL in 2015.  He was not allowed to escape from the pocket and use his high speed running skills.  The opposing teams in the NFL shut Kaepernick down.  In 2015, Kaepernick was put back on the bench and a new quarterback emerged for the 49ers.  Too many “arm pumps” for his touchdowns in the end-zone may have contributed to his downfall; it does not pay to gloat over your successes against the other teams.

Case Study 1

I first became aware of this “Colin Kaepernick Syndrome” when I played basketball in high school.  I had read in a Boy Scout news article stating that if you knew where you were on the basketball court, you could practice shooting baskets from these positions and become skilled at making baskets from these identified positions.  I picked a few positions on the free-throw arc – today  known as the three-point range – and had a successful shooting average of over 70 percent from these positions (though in these days, this shot was worth only two points, not the three points given today).

In one game, during my sophomore year, my long term boyhood friend and teammate guard since junior high basketball was feeding me the ball as we faced a zone defense in our guard positions.   When I tossed the ball back to him at the other guard position, the defender who had been guarding me would move over to guard him.  He fed the ball back to me and I turned and shot “my shot.”  After completing three of these shots in succession, there came a BOOMING voice from the coach of the opposing team, saying “SHUT HIM DOWN!!!!!!” The next time my friend fed me the ball, I had to duck a haymaker swing from the farm boy who was guarding me, and I was double-teamed. They were on me “like white on rice.”

After college and once I was into my career in physics, I joined a health club and joined in on the pickup basketball games. Being one of the shortest players on the court, I had to learn how to deal with the other taller players.  I quickly received the handle as “The Gun,” as I did not miss a basket from the outside.  This resulted in a big guy always in front of me to block my shot.  Putting my knowledge of physics to use, I knew that a target could be hit without being able to see the target, like a projectile from an artillery weapon. Therefore, I only needed to know where on the court I was, as the basket is always in the same place. I could shoot the ball on a trajectory and it would always hit the unseen target.  Since these were really tall guys, the trajectory needed to be very high to get over their out-stretched arms as they jumped into the air to block my shot. This turned out to improve my shooting average, as the downward momentum of the ball from this high arching ball made the basket look bigger to the ball, as the downward momentum of the ball would put the ball through the basket, even if the rim of the basket was contacted. [iii]

When the Golden State Warriors were in the NBA Finals in 2015, Steph Curry was their consistent three-point shooter.  The opposing team reacted to his skill as an outside shooter by assigning a defender to him whose assignment was to keep a hand in Steph’s face when he had the ball, in an attempt to shut him down. I sent off an email to the Warriors outlining my “High Arching Shot, Shot Blindly like an Artillery Piece.” I missed the last game of this series, and do not know if Steph received my message, but the Warriors won the championship and Steph has improved on his performance in 2016.

Case Study 2

When I graduated from college with a Bachelor Degree in Mechanical Engineering Technology, Physics and Metallurgy, I accepted an offer to join the staff at a national scientific laboratory.  The first thing I heard from my new supervisor was, “We have never had anyone like you come to this laboratory before and we did not know how to classify you.”  So I was classified along with others who had much less education than I had and with supervisors of the same. Surviving  a “Reduction in Force” (RIF), working out of my field for three years, I entered into a classification that put me in direct competition, for salary, with others of this same classification, and still with both peers and management with less education than myself.

In one of our safety meetings, the supervisor brought in an incident that had happed in a different department.  This person put water in a glass beaker and put it into the microwave to bring it to a boil for tea.  When the tea bag was introduced to the water, the water exploded out of the beaker and scalded this individual.  I stated that, “Because the surface of the beaker was smooth, there was no place for nucleation to take place and the water had become superheated. When the tea bag was introduced to the water, it provided this nucleation point and a cascade of nucleation progressed rapidly throughout the beaker, causing a steam bubble that forced the scalding water out of the beaker and onto this individual, resulting in severe burns to the upper body.”  My peers, who were in competition with me to achieve a high ranking and thus a bigger piece of the wage pie, assailed my augment as crazy.  This incident was put under professional investigation and, a few weeks later at another safety meeting of my peers, the supervisor released the results of this investigation into the exploding water in the beaker. “The results of this investigation showed that, because the surface of the beaker was smooth, there was no place for nucleation to take place and the water had become superheated. When the tea bag was introduced to the water it provided this nucleation point and a cascade of nucleation progressed rapidly throughout the beaker, causing a steam bubble that forced the scalding water out of the beaker and onto this individual, resulting in severe burns to the upper body.”   This is clearly “The Colin Kaepernick Syndrome” in action.

Case Study 3

A few years later, at the turn into the twenty-first century, an incident occurred which involved our workspace being filled with dense toxic contact cement fumes. This was a high security Bay and was sealed off so tight a mouse could not get in to this Bay let alone fresh air! The visible ventilation fans in this very high celling bay could not bring fresh air into this area so the toxic fumes accumulated. This was a new team to this Bay and they were not familiar with this ventilation situation and they attempted to use floor model fans to move the air out of their immediate area and the toxic fumes accumulated in this entire Bay.  As the Safety Representative for this area, I confronted the team leader to his error in thinking and his actions taken trying to rid the fumes from his work area.  Again my solution to “move the units in front of a large local ventilation fan” was dismissed as CRAZY.  To achieve a high ranking and thus a bigger slice of the salary pie, one must accomplish the mission one is assigned, which does not include making errors in judgment along the way.  Is this ”The Colin Kaepernick Syndrome” in action?  Safety took a back seat to the competition for a bigger slice of the Salary Pie.

Case Study 4

I reported the above Case Study 3 incident to management and also reported my loss of being able to remember numbers.  The top manager asked me, “What was the first symptom to occur from this exposure to these toxic fumes?” I answered, “A loss of ability to make good decisions.”  He recognized the direct supervisor was on the scene of this incident and agreed that a lack of good decisions contributed to this industrial accident.

After living with a constant headache for two months, and after being charged with a couple of minor safety issues of my own, and being evaluated for a disability from this incident, I was directed to be evaluated for dismissal.  This may or may not have had something to do with my proposal to “Allow the Partial Participation in Management by the Rank-and-File,” as this proposal was based on the premise that “cooperation is better than competition” and threated the power structure of this management system.  The top supervisor accused me of trying to bring in a labor union and, on my exit, after thirty years of exemplary service to this organization, I received a deadpan wet dishrag handshake from both my direct supervisor and the top supervisor. This incident would also come under “The Colin Kaepernick Syndrome.”

The moral of this story: Never accept a position that puts you in competition for salary with peers and with management of lesser education than your own.

Conclusion

The Colin Kaepernick Syndrome” is real.  When in competition as a team, only team effort is acceptable for winning the game. Individual effort will be met with “Shut Him Down!!”  If your individual effort is beating the competition, don’t flaunt it in their face. Cooperation is better than competition in a group, even in the workplace, when this group is in competition with other groups.   

QED

[i] https://thephilosopheronpolitics.wordpress.com/tag/football/

[ii] Coach Jim Harbaugh, San Francisco 49ers, 2014

[iii] https://thephilosopheronpolitics.wordpress.com/tag/basketball/

The Art of Winning football Games Ver. 1.0.0

The Top Gun National Crises Troubleshooter, Retired

https://thephilosopheronpolitics.wordpress.com/tag/football

11/8/2015

Introduction

Football in the USA is over a century old and there have developed many theories on how to win the game. We think we have made many improvements to the game, such as helmets, shoulder pads, griddle pads, thigh pads, etc. We have also added rules, like not targeting the ball-carrier with a helmet to helmet attack or low hits or illegal blocks. We moved the kickoff up the field to reduce the number of full speed head-on collisions with the special teams’ players. We moved the extra point further back from the end-zone to make the game more interesting. Yet, this writer thinks that unpadded rugby players have fewer injuries and concussions than football’s padded up players. The mentality is that, “I am padded up so I can hit them has hard as I can without injuring myself”. Concussions are caused by the brain hitting the skull; helmets do not stop this mobility of the brain inside the skull.

Game Strategy

Game strategy has advanced beyond anyone’s dreams decades ago. It is amazing how an offense can get a receiver open in the end-zone with members from the offensive team coordinating their moves. But what this writer has observed is that winning the game comes down to the two-second pass, when the quarterback counts, “One one-thousand, two-one-thousand,” and then throws the ball. If a quarterback can do this one hundred percent of his passes, they will have a greater than ninety percent chance of winning the game. If they throw fifty percent two-second passes and fifty percent three-second passes, the probability will decrease to about a fifty percent chance of winning of the game. If the quarterback is throwing four-second passes, he will spend a lot of time being sacked. After three seconds, the quarterback must either throw the ball or start running or scrambling. Several four-second passes will decrease the probability to less than ten percent for winning the game.

Case Studies

Stanford vs Oregon, 11/14/2015: Both teams put into use the two second pass requirement to have a high probability of winning the game. With only a few seconds left in the game, Stanford needed to convert a two-point conversion to tie the game and go into overtime. The Oregon Offensive Coordinator sends in his fastest linebacker with a clear line of sight to the Stanford quarterback. The Stanford quarterback had to throw the ball in one-and-a-half seconds a half second shorter than the play required. As a result the ball was thrown early disrupting the timing of the play and an incompletion resulting in the loss of the game to Oregon by two points.

Ohio vs Michigan, 11/14/2015: In the last few seconds of the game, Ohio needed to score a touchdown to tie the game and go into overtime. The Michigan defense allowed the Ohio quarterback eight seconds to throw the ball into the end-zone for a touchdown and sent the game into overtime.

QED

Basketball and the Tree Point Shot Ver. 1.0.0
The Top Gun National Crises Troubleshooter, Retired
“The Gun”
https://thephilosopheronpolitics.wordpress.com/tag/basketball/
6/8/2015

The Golden State Warriors are in the final playoffs for the championship. This is the first time in forty years the Warriors have made it to the finals when they performed a four-game sweep. The Warriors made it this far with superb Three-Point shooting from their guards one of which is Stephen Curry the MVP of the League. The Warriors missed their chance to make a four game sweep over the Cavaliers mostly because Mr. Curry was having and Off-Night. His off-night was made up for somewhat by his teammate guard Mr.Klay Thompson but it was not enough to make up for Mr. Curry’s Off-Night.

I was a Three-Point shooter myself in high school when we only got two-points for the basket, which made it difficult to even get the ball to make the shot. During one game my fellow guard and neighbor that I grew up with were playing against a team that was using a Zone-Defense. When the defensive guard moved off me to guard against him, he gave me the ball and I turned and shot the “Two-Point” shot from “Three-Point” range. We performed this tactic three times in a row for three shots and six points. There was a shout from the opposing coach “Shut him down!!!” The next time I got the ball the defensive guard almost took my head off with a hay-maker swing and the other guard came over to double-team me. Today, fifty-five years later I could have handled this situation as I had developed the required moves during my pick-up ball years at the local health club.

This is exactly what happened to Mr. Curry, the Cavilers were on him like white-on-rice and his timing of his shots was way off. They “Shut him down!!” His guard partner Mr.Thompson , did a little better but they were really into “Shutting Down” the Three-Point shot. All the Three-point shots appeared to be hurried shots.

Here is how I learned to handle this “Shut him down” tactic. And when Mr. Curry is “On his game” his shot looks similar to the one I developed but not quite the same arc of the shot. I am 5’-8” tall so learning how to manage the big guys took some time. Here was my solution and the simple physics about the shot. The shot should be made from a solid and reproducible foundation. My opposition noted that “when he puts that left foot out he is going to shoot”. That’s right; I put both feet tangent to the Three-Point arc so the basket was always straight ahead. They knew when I was going to shoot and they would fly into the air to block the shot. The next tactic I learned was to shoot with a very high arc that would go over their out-reached hands. Since the basket was always straight ahead and always at the same distance, at the chosen spots to shoot the shot, all that was necessary was to put the ball up at the same launch angle high enough to clear the out-reached hands, I did not have to see the basket, I only needed to put the ball on the establish arc to the basket. This is really simple physics and is used in artillery firing all the time. Determine the correct arc to the target and put the ball on that arc.

There is an additional benefit to this “High Arc” shot. From the perspective of the ball the basket is bigger. This again is simple physics. With a high arc the ball is almost coming straight down at the basket. A ball with a “Low Arc” will see more rim than empty space and the shot must be precise or it will hit the rim and bounce back into the court. When the ball is coming straight down at the basket and nicks the rim, its momentum will carry the ball through the basket. As a result of this downward momentum, there are larger error bars on this “High-Arcing” ball that will allow it to go through the basket. Therefore, the shot does not have to be as precise as the ball shot on a “Low Arc”. The “High Arc” will go over the out-reached arms and hands of the defensive player, you do not have to see the basket and the ball will have a higher percentage of going through the basket. I earned the reputation at this health club as “The Gun”.
QED

Power Golf Swing ver. 1.1.3

By: Jack E Johnston

Revised 9/12/2017

 Copyright 2014

https://thephilosopheronpolitics.wordpress.com/tag/power-golf/

In days past (younger days), my golf drives were 300 yards plus with a set of garage sale golf clubs.  Power Golf is similar to the String-Bat Model for swinging a baseball bat.[i]  Golf has the advantage that the ball in not moving and it all comes down to timing and form of the golf swing.

Driving and Fairway Woods

  1. For driving, set the ball on the tee, about one inch high. Ensure that it is not too low, and not so high that the ball goes up too steep to gain distance. For a fairway shot, bring the club head back like hitting an iron shot and hit into the ball (what goes down will go up, which is the basic rule of golf).
  2. Address the ball with the feet wide of shoulder-width apart and the ball slightly forward of the middle.   For shorter shaft woods, move the ball towards the back foot and narrow stance.
  3. Grip the club with the “Vardon Grip” and ensure that the “sweet spot” is behind the ball. Put the club shaft in the first knuckle of the index finger and below the fleshy part of the palm.
  4. Apply the second hand with the little finger overlapping the index finger of the first hand. Index and thumb should be pinching the club with thumb on the top of the shaft. Grip the shaft with the remaining three fingers. This is the strong hand week hand grip (Harry Vardon Grip (1870-1937) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Vardon).
  5. Standing erect, bend the knees as if sitting in a chair.
  6. Maneuver the feet until the club’s sweet spot is behind the ball.
  7. Bring the club head back level with the grass behind the ball, rotating the hips.
  8. The left arm should be straight and the eyes are fixed on the ball.
  9. Keep the heels of the feet on the ground.
  10. Bring the club head to the top of the backswing in the biggest arch that can be developed. The club should come to rest at the top of the backswing and be parallel to the target line and parallel to the ground.
  11. There should be two thirds of the body weight on the inside of the back foot; keep the heels of the feet on the ground.
  12. Initiate the swing by rotating the hips very slowly and accelerate the rotation slowly as if gravity is pulling the club head down, a fast rotation of the hips is not necessary, and could even be detrimental as the club head will pass by the belt high mark and uncock the wrists.  When the wrists are uncocked, it will be impossible to pull the shaft to the target.  The club head should follow the wide arc of the backswing.  The club shaft will come down and be parallel to the ground and belt high.
  13. Pull on the end of the shaft towards the target, as if pulling on a string connecting the club head to the club grip. There will be a huge resistance felt to the pull, along the shaft and both feet will feel like they are going to slide backwards (this is the reason the shoes are cleated). The club head will uncock the wrists as it completes its wide arc.  If the timing is correct, it will feel like pulling on a 40-pound bowling ball and the club head will precede the shaft to the ball and the shaft is bent forward (the head is driving the shaft, rather than the shaft driving the head). It should take all of the strength that can be mustered to pull the club head toward the target.  Keep the eyes fixed on the ball spot until after contact. The brain can slow this high speed action of the club head and the club head arriving at the ball ahead of the shaft can be seen with the naked eye. Keep the head down and left arm straight (right handed players) until beyond contact.
  14. Transfer all weight to the front foot, which is planted firmly on the ground.
  15. The heel, of the back foot, comes up and the toe rotates to face the foot at the target.   The belt buckle should be facing the target.
  16. Finish high with the club parallel to the ground and neck high.

 

 

The Physics

 

The physics behind the “Power Golf Swing” is equally simple.  As the centripetal acceleration is increased along the axis of the club shaft, the velocity at the club head will increase as the square of this increase in acceleration.  Thus, if the acceleration towards the target is doubled, the velocity at the club head will increase by a factor of four.  If the acceleration toward the target is increased by a factor of four, the velocity at the club head will increase by a factor of sixteen.   Anyone who has swung a yo-yo has experienced the effect of centripetal acceleration. As the yo-yo is swung, pull on the string and the yo-yo accelerates rapidly.  For the religious, the sling that killed Goliath can be used as an illustration, as the sling is put into a circular motion and the tether pulled on. The stone, in the pocket, accelerates to the velocity of a Magnum 357 bullet.

Irons

The swing is similar to the above, but adjusting the height of the backswing as necessary.  For the five iron, position the ball about one half inch back of the middle or in alignment with the heel of the back foot.  For longer clubs, move the ball toward the front foot.  For shorter irons, move the ball toward the back foot.  The nine and wedge iron ball position is even with the instep of the back foot.

  1. Bring the club to the backswing with the chosen height for the shot.
  2. Start the swing by pulling with the left side and hit the ball as if driving it into the ground. A basic principle in golf is that what goes down comes up.  To make the ball rise vertically, hit the ball down into the ground.
  3. Finish the swing as above with the club finishing high around the neck. The weight is on the front foot and the back heel comes up the toe, rotating to face the target, and the belt buckle is facing the target.

 

In deep grass, put the ball further back and swing to hit the ball first.


 

Pitching

  1. Put the ball off the instep of the back foot. Align the wide part of the club to the ball.
  2. Open the stance by moving the front foot away from the target line.  This will allow room for the hands to come through.
  3. Start the back backswing directly in line with the target.
  4. Swing to hit the ball first.
  5. Adjust the backswing for distance of shot and swing as though throwing the club head to the target.  This is the basic pitch and run shot.
  6. On short pitches or on down sloping greens, open up the club head, and then align the shaft to the large portion of the club head.
  7. Open up the stance to accommodate short distances.
  8. This will generate “The Flop Shot.” The ball will stay close to where it lands.

 

Bunkers around the Green

  1. Open the club face depending on the distance required.
  2. Open the stance depending on the distance required.
  3. Dig the feet into the sand for a firm foundation.
  4. Figuratively put a dollar bill under the ball with the ball in the center. The dollar bill represents the divot to take in the sand. Take more or less sand to adjust the distance. The sand will move the ball. Do not hit the ball directly as it will go a long way. Lift the club straight up and come down at the visualized marked spot behind the ball. Follow through as required by distance. It is not allowable to touch the sand with the club prior to the swing.

 

Long Range Bunkers

Make the preparation for the shot as above, but with a closed stance.  Pick the ball off the sand as distance is the primary objective.

Putting

  1. Remove the flag stick from the hole straight up as to not damage the sides of the cup.
  2. Read the green for slop and knap. Plan a path to the hole by sighting the green from different viewpoints.
  3. Stand over the ball with the head directly over the ball.
  4. Visually mark the target (such as two or three ball widths to right or left of the hole or even more for steep slopes) and visualize the ball going on this path.
  5. A relaxed grip is best with the ball in the center of the club head. Putt the shot with the shoulders, as these are large muscles and will give consistent results as the body fatigues.
  6. Follow the ball to the hole with the club head until way past contact.

 

Alternate Putting

  1. After surveying the green and choosing the path of the ball, put the putter behind the ball.
  2. Squat behind the ball and line up the putter square to the line of travel of the putt.
  3. Holding only a finger on top of the club, take a stance of preference to putt the ball.
  4. Grip the club with the preferred grip without moving the putter.
  5. Look at the line of the putt to the hole and rotate the shoulders, bringing the putter back the appropriate distance from the ball.
  6. Rotate the shoulders to putt the ball on the line with the correct speed to the hole, keeping your eyes on the path of the ball and the hole.
  7. Pick the ball up out of the cup and start over on the next hole.

 

 

Power Golf Swing ver. 1.1.2
By: Jack E Johnston
Copyright September 23, 2014
https://thephilosopheronpolitics.wordpress.com/tag/power-golf/
In days past (younger days), my golf drives were 300 yards plus with a set of garage sale golf clubs. Power Golf is similar to the String-Bat Model for swinging a baseball bat.i Golf has the advantage that the ball in not moving and it all comes down to timing and form of the golf swing.
Driving and Fairway Woods
1. For driving, set the ball on the tee, about one inch high. Ensure that it is not too low, and not so high that the ball goes up too steep to gain distance. For a fairway shot, bring the club head back like hitting an iron shot and hit into the ball (what goes down will go up, which is the basic rule of golf).
2. Address the ball with the feet wide of shoulder-width apart and the ball slightly forward of the middle. For shorter shaft woods, move the ball towards the back foot and narrow stance.
3. Grip the club with the “Vardon Grip” and ensure that the “sweet spot” is behind the ball. Put the club shaft in the first knuckle of the index finger and below the fleshy part of the palm.
4. Apply the second hand with the little finger overlapping the index finger of the first hand. Index and thumb should be pinching the club with thumb on the top of the shaft. Grip the shaft with the remaining three fingers. This is the strong hand week hand grip (Harry Vardon Grip (1870-1937) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Vardon).
5. Standing erect, bend the knees as if sitting in a chair.
6. Maneuver the feet until the club’s sweet spot is behind the ball.
7. Bring the club head back level with the grass behind the ball, rotating the hips.
8. The left arm should be straight and the eyes are fixed on the ball.
9. Keep the heels of the feet on the ground.
10. Bring the club head to the top of the backswing in the biggest arch that can be developed. The club should come to rest at the top of the backswing and be parallel to the target line and parallel to the ground.
11. There should be two thirds of the body weight on the inside of the back foot; keep the heels of the feet on the ground.
12. Initiate the swing by rotating the hips very slowly and accelerate the rotation slowly. A fast rotation of the hips is not necessary, and could even be detrimental as the club head will pass by the belt high mark and uncock the wrists. When the wrists are uncocked, it will be impossible to pull the shaft to the target. The club head should follow the wide arc of the backswing. The club shaft will come down and be parallel to the ground and belt high.
13. Pull on the end of the shaft towards the target, as if pulling on a string connecting the club head to the club grip. There will be a huge resistance felt to the pull, along the shaft and both feet will feel like they are going to slide backwards (this is the reason the shoes
are cleated). The club head will uncock the wrists as it completes its wide arc. If the timing is correct, it will feel like pulling on a 40-pound bowling ball and the club head will precede the shaft to the ball and the shaft is bent forward (the head is driving the shaft, rather than the shaft driving the head). It should take all of the strength that can be mustered to pull the club head toward the target. Keep the eyes fixed on the ball spot until after contact; keep the head down and left arm straight (right handed players) until beyond contact.
14. Transfer all weight to the front foot, which is planted firmly on the ground.
15. The heel of the back foot comes up and the toe rotates to face the foot to the target. The belt buckle should be facing the target.
16. Finish high with the club parallel to the ground and neck high.
The Physics
The physics behind the “Power Golf Swing” is equally simple. As the centripetal acceleration is increased along the axis of the club shaft, the velocity at the club head will increase as the square of this increase in acceleration. Thus, if the acceleration towards the target is doubled, the velocity at the club head will increase by a factor of four. If the acceleration toward the target is increased by a factor of four, the velocity at the club head will increase by a factor of sixteen. Anyone who has swung a yo-yo has experienced the effect of centripetal acceleration. As the yo-yo is swung, pull on the string and the yo-yo accelerates rapidly. For the religious, the sling that killed Goliath can be used, as the sling is put into a circular motion and the tether pulled on. The stone, in the pocket, accelerates to the velocity of a Magnum 357 bullet.
Irons
The swing is similar to the above, but adjusting the height of the backswing as necessary. For the five iron, position the ball about one half inch back of the middle or in alignment with the heel of the back foot. For longer clubs, move the ball toward the front foot. For shorter irons, move the ball toward the back foot. The nine and wedge iron ball position is even with the instep of the back foot.
1. Bring the club to the backswing with the chosen height for the shot.
2. Start the swing by pulling with the left side and hit the ball as if driving it into the ground. A basic principle in golf is that what goes down comes up. To make the ball rise vertically, hit the ball down into the ground.
3. Finish the swing as above with the club finishing high around the neck. The weight is on the front foot and the back heel comes up the toe, rotating to face the target, and the belt buckle is facing the target.
In deep grass, put the ball further back and swing to hit the ball first.
Pitching
1. Put the ball off the instep of the back foot. Align the wide part of the club to the ball.
2. Open the stance by moving the front foot away from the target line. This will allow room for the hands to come through.
3. Start the back backswing directly in line with the target.
4. Swing to hit the ball first.
5. Adjust the backswing for distance of shot and swing as though throwing the club head to the target. This is the basic pitch and run shot.
6. On short pitches or on down sloping greens, open up the club head, and then align the shaft to the large portion of the club head.
7. Open up the stance to accommodate short distances.
8. This will generate “The Flop Shot.” The ball will stay close to where it lands.
Sand
1. Open the club face depending on the distance required.
2. Open the stance depending on the distance required.
3. Dig the feet into the sand for a firm foundation.
4. Figuratively put a dollar bill under the ball with the ball in the center. The dollar bill represents the divot to take in the sand. Take more or less sand to adjust the distance. The sand will move the ball. Do not hit the ball directly as it will go a long way. Lift the club straight up and come down at the visualized marked spot behind the ball. Follow through as required by distance. It is not allowable to touch the sand with the club prior to the swing.
Putting
1. Remove the flag stick from the hole straight up as to not damage the sides of the cup.
2. Read the green for slop and knap. Plan a path to the hole by sighting the green from different viewpoints.
3. Stand over the ball with the head directly over the ball.
4. Visually mark the target (such as two or three ball widths to right or left of the hole or even more for steep slopes) and visualize the ball going on this path.
5. A relaxed grip is best with the ball in the center of the club head. Putt the shot with the shoulders, as these are large muscles and will give consistent results as the body fatigues.
6. Follow the ball to the hole with the club head until way past contact.
Alternate Putting
1. After surveying the green and choosing the path of the ball, put the putter behind the ball.
2. Squat behind the ball and line up the putter square to the line of travel of the putt.
3. Holding only a finger on top of the club, take a stance of preference to putt the ball.
4. Grip the club with the preferred grip without moving the putter.
5. Look at the line of the putt to the hole and rotate the shoulders, bringing the putter back the appropriate distance from the ball.
6. Rotate the shoulders to putt the ball on the line with the correct speed to the hole, keeping your eyes on the path of the ball and the hole.
7. Pick the ball up out of the cup and start over on the next hole.


i https://thephilosopheronpolitics.wordpress.com/tag/power-hitting/